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Rich Mountain Battlefield

Hart House

 

April 2009

 

Beverly WV

(From Wikipedia:) The Battle of Rich Mountain took place on July 11, 1861, in Randolph County, Virginia (now West Virginia) as part of the Operations in Western Virginia Campaign during the American Civil War.

Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan assumed command of Union forces in western Virginia in June 1861. On June 27, he moved his divisions from Clarksburg south against Lt. Col. John Pegram's Confederates, reaching the vicinity of Rich Mountain on July 9. Meanwhile, Brig. Gen. Thomas A. Morris's Union brigade marched from Philippi to confront Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett's command at Laurel Hill. On July 10-11, Brig. Gen. William S. Rosecrans led a reinforced brigade by a mountain path to seize the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike in Pegram's rear.

A sharp two-hour fight ensued in which the Confederates were split in two. Half escaped to Beverly and on over the Shawnee Trail, but Pegram and the others (including the "Sydney Boys", a regiment formed from the students of Hampden-Sydney College) surrendered on July 13.

Hearing of Pegram's defeat, Garnett abandoned Laurel Hill. The Federals pursued, and, during fighting at Corrick's Ford on July 13, Garnett was killed; he was the first general officer to be killed in the war. On July 22, McClellan was ordered to Washington, and Rosecrans assumed command of Union forces in western Virginia. The Union victory at Rich Mountain was instrumental in propelling McClellan to command of the Army of the Potomac.

For More Information and Events: http://www.richmountain.org/

 

 

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Scenic Beverly, WV. Rt 250 runs North-South through town.

 

 

 

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This state historical marker located along Rt 250/219 is for Rich Mt and Crozet-Chenoweth.

This is where CR 37-8 turns off westbound (to the left in this photo) towards Rich Mt.

 

 

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Here is a close-up of the Rich Mt side of the Historical Marker along Rt 250/219.

 

 

 

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County Road 37-8 first passes the Chenoweth House and

continues straight towards Rich Mt. (About 5 miles)

 

 

 

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After about 3 miles, the pavement turns to very smooth, hard-packed gravel.

There is some washboarding on some turns where the rain runs across the road.

 

 

 

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Historical Marker at the summit marks the battlefield and Hart House.

 

 

 

 

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Side #1 of the Historical Marker.

 

 

 

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Side #2 of the Historical Marker.

 

 

 

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View of the summit. One of the signs for the Hart House is visible in the grass field to the left.

 

 

 

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Monument near the summit for the Hart House.

 

 

 

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Close-up of the Hart House monument.

 

 

 

 

 

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Informational sign near the Hart House site.

 

 

 

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Another nearby informational sign for the Battle of Rich Mt.

 

 

 

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And yet another informational sign at the summit.

 

 

 

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The stable yard is still somewhat visible (see next photo).

 

 

 

 

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Outlines remain of buildings at the stable yard area.

 

 

This is a very interesting location to stop and walk around. The road up the mountain from Beverly is hard-packed dirt and gravel. It is smooth enough for a car with no problems except for minor washing out of corners after rains washboard ripples for 100 feet and then smooth again.

 

If you came in from Beverly, consider continuing westbound down the mountain to Mabie. Its a scenic ride with several more informational signs along the way (watch closely theyre small and easy to pass by). Im by no means even moderately knowledgeable of Civil War history, but this is still a place I like to stop back and see from time to time.

 

Hope you enjoyed Rich Mountain!

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